Evaluation of Some Promising Cotton Genotypes and Commercial Variety for Yield, Quality and Bacterial Blight Resistance

Maria Abdalla

Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Gezira Research Station, Cotton Breeding Program, Wad Medani, P.O. Box-126, Sudan.

Salim Kafi

Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Gezira Research Station, Cotton Breeding Program, Wad Medani, P.O. Box-126, Sudan.

A. M. Mustafa

Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC), Gezira Research Station, Cotton Breeding Program, Wad Medani, P.O. Box-126, Sudan.

W. M. B. Yehia *

Cotton Breeding Section, Cotton Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center-12619, Egypt.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Ten cotton genotypes were evaluated (Gossypium Barbadense L) for seed cotton yield, better quality and bacterial blight resistance. in the Agricultural Research Corporation, ARC at the Gezira Research Station, Gezira State, Wad Medani, Sudan.in seasons 2012/2013 and 2013/2014, The experiment was laid in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replications. The results indicated that 94-B-2 line has an average seed cotton yield advantage of 19% over Barakat-90, mean seed cotton yield 2219 compare to 1868 for Barakat-90, with fiber length of 35.1, micronaire value of 3.7 and fiber strength of 37.5 better than Barakat-90. It gave 52% of its yield in the first pick compared to 44 for Barakat-90. It has a GOT of 34% compared to 32.6 for Barakat-90. It recorded disease incidence and disease severity of 0.58 and 38.8%, respectively compared to 0.72 and 51.8 for Barakat-90. Hence this line emerged as a new candidate with new traits: higher seed cotton yield, earliness of maturity, resistance to bacterial blight, higher GOT and better fiber characteristics is better than the commercial cotton cultivar Barakat-90. 

Keywords: Blight resistance, cotton, genotypes, foliar sprays, integrated control

How to Cite

Abdalla , Maria, Salim Kafi, A. M. Mustafa, and W. M. B. Yehia. 2023. “Evaluation of Some Promising Cotton Genotypes and Commercial Variety for Yield, Quality and Bacterial Blight Resistance”. Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering 6 (1):12-19. https://journalajbge.com/index.php/AJBGE/article/view/95.


Download data is not yet available.


Mohammed OE, Ahmed NE, Eneji AE, Ma YQ, Ali E, Inanaga S et al. Effect of sowing dates on the incidence of bacterial blight and yield of cotton. Basic Appl Ecol. 2003;4(5):433-40. DOI: 10.1078/1439-1791-00172

Neima SHO. Quality studies on breeder. Foundation registered and certified cottonseeds of selected commercial varieties [PhD Thesis]. Wad, Medani, Sudan: Gezira University; 2008.

Sudan Cotton Company [annual report]. Khartoum, Sudan; 2002/3.

Wendel JF, Brubaker CL, Percival AE. Genetic diversity of in Gossypium hirsutum and the origin of upland cotton. Am J Bot. 1992;79(11):1291-310. DOI: 10.1002/j.1537-2197. 1992.tb13734.x

Tarr SAJ. The fungi and plant disease of the Sudan. Kew: Commonwealth Mycological Institute, survey; 1955.

Innes NL. Breeding for bacterial blight resistance. Cotton growing in Gezira environment Siddig MA, L, Hughes C, editors. ARC. 1969:144-52.

Asim AA, Ibrahim E, Abdelezim B, Babiker G, Eltyeb E, Mohamed M et al. Integrated pest management in cotton production and protection. In: Integrated pest management in vegetables, wheat and cotton in Sudan Dabrowski ZT, editor. A participatory approach. Wad, Medani, Sudan: Food and Agriculture Organization/IPM Project. 1997;173-6.

Omer ME. Physiological races of Xanthomonas compestris Pv. Malvacearum. Annual report for 1979-1980 of the Gezira agricultural research station. Botany and plant pathology. Wad, Medani, Sudan: Agricultural Research Corporation. 1987;52-5.

Gowda SA, Shrestha N, Harris TM, Phillips AZ, Fang H, Sood S et al. Identification and genomic characterization of major effect bacterial blight resistance locus (BB-13) in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Theor Appl Genet. 2022;135(12): 4421-36. DOI: 10.1007/s00122-022-04229-2

Ullah I, Ali H, Mahmood T, Khan MN, Haris M, Shah H et al. Pyramiding of four broad spectrum bacterial blight resistance genes in cross breeds of basmati rice. Plants (Basel). 2022;12(1):46. DOI: 10.3390/plants12010046

Ahmed NE, Mavridis A, Rudolph K. Isolation of new races of Xanthomonas campestris PV. Malvacearum (Smith) Dye from a continuous cotton plot at the Gezira Research Farm. J Agric Sci. 1997;1: 32-8.

Innes NL. Bacterial blight of cotton. Biol Rev. 1983;58(1):157-76. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.1983.tb00383.x

International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC). Commodity profile: cotton. USA; 2006.

Manning HL. Response to selection for yield in cotton cold spring Habour symposia on quantitative. Biology. 1955; 20:103-10.

Abdelrahman SH. Estimation of genotype x environment interaction in some upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) genotypes; 2004.

Elamin EM. The development of integrated pest management in Sudan. In: Dabrowski ZT, editor. A historical perspective integrated pest management in vegetable, wheat and cotton in Sudan. A participatory approach. Nairobi, Kenya: ICIPE Science Press.1997;13-20.

Frexell PA. The natural history of the cotton tribe. College Station and London: Texas A & M University Press; 1979.

Frexell PA, Staten G, Porter JH. Performance of some wide crosses in Gossypium. New Mex Agric Exp Stn Bull. 1958; 419:15.

Hunter RE, Brinkerhoff LA, Bird LS. The development of a set of upland cotton lines for differentiating races of Xanthomonas malvacearum. Cited in. Verma, J.P. 1986. Bacterial Blight of Cotton. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Inc; 1968.

Verma JP, Singh RP. Studies on the distribution of races of Xanthomonas malvacearum in India; 1975. Cited in: Verma JP. Bacterial blight of cotton. Boca Raton, FL: CRC. Press, Inc; 1986.

Abdelatif AH. Effect of irrigation intervals, sowing dates and picking time on cotton stickiness and quality [PhD thesis]. University of Gezira; 2004.