GEMS, GMOS and Third Generation Transgenic Plants: Biofactories
Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering,
Microorganisms have been used to assist in the processing of food throughout human history, long before humans realized that these organisms were responsible for the fermentation processes. Alterations are prepared to the genetic makeup of microorganisms to either produce a new protein or other food ingredient, to progress /enhance the production of a present protein/ingredient, or to tailor the characteristics of an existing protein to a new application. Numerous procedures are utilized to roll out hereditary improvements in a microorganism, and the term Genetically Engineered Microorganisms (GEMs) explicitly alludes to microorganisms (i.e., microscopic organisms or growths, including yeasts) that people have altered utilizing in vitro atomic science strategies (otherwise known as Modern Biotechnology) to play out a particular capacity. There are several other methods for altering the genetic structure of microorganisms, but not all of them come under the regulatory categories of genetically engineered or genetically modified. Chemical mutagenesis and interspecies crossing, for example, can be used to change the genetic makeup of a microorganism. GEMs are advancing food production by increasing efficiency, reducing waste and resource requirements, and ultimately enabling beneficial innovations such as the cost-effective fortification of food with essential nutrients, vitamins, and amino acids, and delivery of tailored enzymes to achieve unique food processing capabilities.
- Transgenic Plants
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