Under Environmental Stress Increase CO2 Level and the Photosynthetic Response of Plant

Ayesha Arif

Department of Botany, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Sadia Batool

Department of Botany, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Alveena Rafiq *

Department of Botany, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

laraib barira

Department of Botany, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Zubaira BiBi

Department of Botany, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Zabeehullah Burhan

Department of Botany, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Urooj Bashir

Department of Botany, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Although the importance of respiration and photosynthesis to plants is well-established, the antioxidant system's response to abiotic stresses remains an area of intense interest in the study of physiological stress. While reports and reviews have been conducted on a single important metabolic process and its reaction to climate change, there has been little coverage of an integrated study that would include several biological processes at different scales. Along with other important abiotic stresses like drought, heat, nitrogen limitation, and ozone pollution, this review will provide a synthesis of the mechanisms to elevated CO2 and its responses at various scales, including cellular, molecular, physiological, and biochemical, and individual aspects. While it contains what has been well-established in earlier reviews, the current comprehensive evaluation may contribute considerable and pertinent information about the issue in recent research. An introduction to the essential biological processes and a synopsis of their functions in controlling the environment follows. The second part of the article discusses the current state of study on the many subtopics, such as how plants adjust their antioxidant system, respiration, and photosynthetic capacity to either CO2 enrichment or other forms of climate change. In the end, we go over some of the possible uses for plant responses to different degrees of climate change. aided by this review, which is currently of paramount concern on a global scale.

Keywords: Antioxidant, abiotic stresses, bio-chemical processes, comprehensive evaluation, of physiological stress


How to Cite

Arif , A., Batool , S., Rafiq , A., barira , laraib, BiBi , Z., Burhan , Z., & Bashir , U. (2024). Under Environmental Stress Increase CO2 Level and the Photosynthetic Response of Plant. Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, 7(1), 72–78. Retrieved from https://journalajbge.com/index.php/AJBGE/article/view/125

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

IPCC Climate change synthesis report RK. Pachaur, RK, Meyer LA. (Eds.), Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland. 2014;151.

NASA GCC. Global climate change: Vital signs of the planet. NASA Climate Factsheet; 2014.

Singh A, Agrawal M. Effects of ambient and elevated CO 2 on growth, chlorophyll fluorescence, photosynthetic pigments, antioxidants, and secondary metabolites of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G Don. grown under three different soil N levels. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2015;22:3936-3946.

Matros A, Amme S, Kettig B, BUCK‐SORLIN GH, Sonnewald UWE, MOCK HP. Growth at elevated CO2 concentrations leads to modified profiles of secondary metabolites in tobacco cv. SamsunNN and to increased resistance against infection with potato virus Y. Plant, Cell & Environment. 2006;29(1):126-137.

Hanstein SM, Felle HH. CO2-triggered chloride release from guard cells in intact fava bean leaves. Kinetics of the onset of stomatal closure. Plant Physiology. 2002; 130(2):940-950.

Raschke K, Shabahang M, Wolf R. The slow and the quick anion conductance in whole guard cells: their voltage-dependent alternation, and the modulation of their activities by abscisic acid and CO 2. Planta. 2003;217:639-650.

Gray JE, Holroyd GH, Van Der Lee FM, Bahrami AR, Sijmons PC, Woodward FI, Hetherington, AM. The HIC signalling pathway links CO2 perception to stomatal development. Nature. 2000; 408(6813): 713-716.

Lake JA, Quick WP, Beerling DJ, Woodward FI. Signals from mature to new leaves. Nature. 2001;411(6834):154-154.

Lake JA, Woodward FI, Quick WP. Long‐distance CO2 signalling in plants. Journal of Experimental Botany. 2002;53(367):183-193.

Woodward FI, Lake JA, Quick WP. Stomatal development and CO 2: ecological consequences. New Phytologist. 2002;477-484.

Reid CD, Maherali H, Johnson HB, Smith SD, Wullschleger SD, Jackson RB. On the relationship between stomatal characters and atmospheric CO2. Geophysical research letters. 2003;30(19).

Marchi S, Tognetti R, Vaccari FP, Lanini M, Kaligarič M, Miglietta F, Raschi A. Physiological and morphological responses of grassland species to elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations in FACE-systems and natural CO2 springs. Functional plant biology. 2004; 31(2):181-194.

Tricker J., Trewin H, Kull O, Clarkson GJ, Eensalu E, Tallis MJ, Taylor G. Stomatal conductance and not stomatal density determines the long-term reduction in leaf transpiration of poplar in elevated CO 2. Oecologia. 2005;143:652-660.

Nowak RS, Ellsworth DS, Smith SD. Functional responses of plants to elevated atmospheric CO2–do photosynthetic and productivity data from FACE experiments support early predictions?. New phytologist. 2004;162(2):253-280.

Markelz RC, Strellner RS, Leakey AD. Impairment of C4 photosynthesis by drought is exacerbated by limiting nitrogen and ameliorated by elevated [CO2] in maize. Journal of experimental botany. 2011;62(9):3235-3246.

von Caemmerer S, Furbank RT. The C 4 pathway: an efficient CO 2 pump. Photosynthesis research. 2003; 77:191-207.

Teng N, Jin B, Wang Q, Hao H, Ceulemans R, Kuang T, Lin J. No detectable maternal effects of elevated CO2 on Arabidopsis thaliana over 15 generations. PLoS One. 2009;4(6):e6035.

Teng N, Wang J, Chen T, Wu X, Wang Y, Lin J. Elevated CO2 induces physiological, biochemical and structural changes in leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana. The New Phytologist. 2006;172(1):92-103.

Aranjuelo I, Cabrera-Bosquet L, Morcuende R, Avice JC, Nogues S, Araus JL, Perez P. Does ear C sink strength contribute to overcoming photosynthetic acclimation of wheat plants exposed to elevated CO2? Journal of Experimental Botany. 2011;62(11):3957-3969.

Eichelmann H, Talts E, Oja V, Padu E, Laisk A. Rubisco in planta k cat is regulated in balance with photosynthetic electron transport. Journal of experimental botany. 2009;60(14):4077-4088.

Watanabe CK, Sato S, Yanagisawa S, Uesono Y, Terashima I, Noguchi K. Effects of elevated CO2 on levels of primary metabolites and transcripts of genes encoding respiratory enzymes and their diurnal patterns in Arabidopsis thaliana: possible relationships with respiratory rates. Plant and Cell Physiology. 2014; 55(2):341-357.

Moroney JV, Jungnick N, DiMario RJ, Longstreth DJ. Photorespiration and carbon concentrating mechanisms: two adaptations to high O2, low CO 2 conditions. Photosynthesis research. 2013; 117:121-131.

Furlong MJ, Zalucki MP. Climate change and biological control: the consequences of increasing temperatures on host–parasitoid interactions. Current opinion in insect science. 2017;20:39-44.

Kazan K, Gardiner DM. Fusarium crown rot caused by Fusarium pseudograminearum in cereal crops: recent progress and future prospects. Molecular plant pathology. 2018;19(7):1547-1562.

Meehl GA, Covey C, Delworth T, Latif M, McAvaney B, Mitchell JF, Taylor KE. The WCRP CMIP3 multimodel dataset: A new era in climate change research. Bulletin of the American meteorological society. 2007;88(9):1383-1394.

Becklin KM, Walker SM, Way DA, Ward JK. CO 2 studies remain key to understanding a future world. New Phytologist. 2017;214(1):34-40.

Ghini R, MacLeod RE, Santos MS, Silva CE. Elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration increases eucalyptus plantlets growth and reduces diseases severity. Procedia Environmental Sciences. 2015;29:206-207.

Gray SB, Brady SM. Plant developmental responses to climate change. Developmental biology. 2016;419(1):64-77.

GóriaI MM, GhiniII R, BettiolII W. Elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration increases rice blast severity Trop. Plant Pathol. 2013; 38:253-257

Mcelrone AJ, Reid CD, Hoye KA, Hart E, Jackson RB. Elevated CO2 reduces disease incidence and severity of a red maple fungal pathogen via changes in host physiology and leaf chemistry. Global Change Biology. 2005;11(10):1828-1836.

Zavala JA, Casteel CL, DeLucia EH, Berenbaum MR. Anthropogenic increase in carbon dioxide compromises plant defense against invasive insects. Proceedings of the national academy of sciences. 2008; 105(13):5129-5133.

Zavala JA, Nabity PD, DeLucia EH. An emerging understanding of mechanisms governing insect herbivory under elevated CO2. Annual review of entomology. 2013; 58:79-97.

Kobayashi T, Ishiguro K, Nakajima T, Kim HY, Okada M, Kobayashi K. Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration on the infection of rice blast and sheath blight. Phytopathology. 2006;96(4):425-431.

Xie H, Zhao L, Yang Q, Wang Z, He K. Direct effects of elevated CO 2 levels on the fitness performance of Asian corn borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) for multigenerations. Environmental Entomology. 2015;44(4):1250-1257.