Estimation of Combining Ability for Oil and Yield-related Traits in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) by Using Line × Tester Analysis

Muhammad Imran Ashraf

Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Muhammad Waqas Dogar *

Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Zahid Hussain

Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Mahnoor

Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Humara Ashraf

Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Ramin Munir

Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Sub-Campus Depalpur, Okara, Pakistan.

Muhammad Saddam Mustafa

Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Sub-Campus Depalpur, Okara, Pakistan.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Sunflower is an important oilseed crop cultivated worldwide because of its importance for oil and food. Sunflower is well suited to our local cropping pattern and contains much edible oil The research was conducted at the University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan to evaluate the combining ability of morphological traits of sunflower. Four lines were used as female and three testers (male) were crossed to make twelve hybrids by using a line × tester mating design. In the next season, the crosses and their parents were evaluated according to their performance for yield and its related traits. The data was taken based on ten morphological and physiological traits. The data of parents and their crosses were evaluated whether the data was significant or non-significant, by performing an analysis of variance test. A54 and A69 both lines and tester A53 are good general combiners and significant SCA effects for most traits observed in their combinations. Plant height and 1000-achene weight have significant SCA effects. Lines contain a very significant role for eight traits, i.e., flower initiation (20.57%), 50% flowering (16.65%), 100% flowering (22.19%), plant height (14.36%), leaf area (79.97%), head diameter (49.87%), seed yield (97.95%) and 1000 achene weight (18.58%) as compared to these testers that showed meager contributions for all traits that revealed minor or no parental effect for all parameters.

Keywords: Sunflower breeding, combining ability, line × tester, sunflower yield, genetics


How to Cite

Ashraf , M. I., Dogar , M. W., Hussain , Z., Mahnoor, Ashraf , H., Munir , R., & Mustafa , M. S. (2024). Estimation of Combining Ability for Oil and Yield-related Traits in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) by Using Line × Tester Analysis. Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, 7(1), 16–24. Retrieved from https://journalajbge.com/index.php/AJBGE/article/view/120

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Andrew RL, Rieseberg LH. Divergence is focused on a few genomic regions early in speciation: Incipient speciation of sunflower ecotypes. Evolut. 2013;67(9): 2468- 2482.

Khaleghizadeh A. Effect of morphological traits of plant, head and seed of sunflower hybrids on house sparrow damage rate. J. Crop Prot. 2011;30(3):360-367.

Seghatoleslami MJ, Bradaran R, Ansarinia E, Mousavi SG. Effect of irrigation and nitrogen level on yield, yield components and some morphological traits of sunflower. Pak. J. Bot. 2012;44(5):1551-1555.

Siddiqi MH, Ali S, Bakht J, Khan A, Khan SA, Khan N. Evaluation of sunflower lines and their crossing combinations for morphological characters, yield and oil contents. Pak. J. Bot. 2012;44:687-690.

Clapco S, Mutu, CA, Port A Duca, M. Effects of drought stress on the seed germination in sunflower. In International congress on oil and protein crops 2018:125-125.

Anjum FM, Nadeem M, Khan MI, Hussain S. Nutritional and therapeutic potential of sunflower seeds. Br. Food J. 2012;114 (4):544–552.

Adeleke BS, Babalola OO. Oilseed crop sunflower (Helianthus annuus) as a source of food nutritional and health benefits. Food Sci. Nutr. 2020;8(9):4666–4684.

Nasreen S, Khan M, Zia M, Ishaque M, Uddin S, Arshad M, Rizvi ZF. Response of sunflower to various pre-germination techniques for breaking seed dormancy. Pak. J. Bot. 2015;47:413-416.

Razzaq H, Tahir MHN, Sadaqat HA, Sadia B. Screening of sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) accessions under drought stress conditions, an experimental assay. J. Soil. Sci. Plant Nutri. 2017;17:662-671.

Cheng H, Zhang H, Li D, duan H, Liang L. Impact of oil type on the location, Partition and chemical stability of resveratrol in oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by whey protein isolate plus gum Arabic. Food Hydrocolloids. 2019;109:106119.

Sindagi SS, Kulkarni RS, Seetharam A. Line × tester analysis of the combining ability in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Sunflower Newsl. 1979;3:11-12.

Fehr WR. Principles of cultivar development. MacMillan publ. Co. New York, USA;1993.

Mihajlo C, Sinisa J, Sandra C, Petar C, Milan J, Radovan M, Milan M. Evaluation of combining abilities of new sunflower inbred lines. Ratar. i Povrt. 2013;50:8–15.

Steel RGD, TorrieJH, Dicky DA. Principles and procedures of Statistics; 1997.

Kempthorne O. Introduction to Genetic Statistics. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. NewbYork, USA; 1957.

Zia Z, Sadaqat HA, Tahir MHN, Bushra S, Saghir A, Ali I. Inheritance and Heterosis Studies of Achene Yield and Related Traits in Sunflower. Philippine. J. crop. Sci. 2016;41:41-49.

Din SU, Khan MA, Gull S, Usman K, Saleem FY, Siyal OU. Line × tester analysis of yield and yield related traits in different sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) genotypes. Pak. J. Bot. 2014;46:659-665.

Gejli k, Shanker GI, Boraiah KM. Studies on combining ability of dwarf sunflower genotypes (lines) (Helianthus annuus L). Helia 2014;20:73-84.

Hladni N, Miclick V, Jocic S, Kralijevic MB, Skoric D. Mode of inheritance and combining ability in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Gentika. 2014;46:159- 168.

Imran M, Saif-ul-Malook SA, Nawaz MA, Ahabaz MK, Asif M, Ali Q. Combining ability analysis for yield related traits in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). American-Eurasian J. Agric and Environ. Sci. 2015;15:424-436.

Ortis L, Nestares G, Frutos E, N. Machado. Combining ability analysis for agronomic traits in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Helia 2005;28:125-134.

Skoric D, Jocic S, Hladni N, Vannozzi GP. An analysis of the heterotic potential for agronomically important traits in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Helia. 2007;30:55-74

Mustafa W, Tariq K, Zafar H, Affan Q, Rafiq M, Khan M, Asghar S. Combining ability analysis for various morphological traits in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Biol. Clin. Sci. Res. J. 2023:183-183.

Khan FA, Iqbal A, Saeed A, Naeem A. Combining ability studies for yield and other quality traits of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) By using line × tester analysis. J. Agric. Res. 2021;59:7–12.

Marinkovic R, Skoric D, Dozet B, Jovanovic D. Effect of PETI and ANN5 cytoplasms on some quantitative traits in sunflower lines and hybrids. Helia 2009; 23:73-86.

Rathi SR, Nichal SS, Vadiya ER, Wandhare MR, Janjal SM. Heterosis for yield, its components and oil content in sunflower. Int. Tro. Agri. 2016;30:1063-1072.

Patil R, Goud IS, Kulkarni V, Banakar C. Combining ability and studies for seed yield and its components in Sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) Ele. J. PI. breed 2012;3:861-867.

Kang SA, Khan FA, Ahsan MZ, Chatha WS, Saeed F. Estimation of combining ability for the development of hybrid genotypes in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). J. Biol. Agr. Healthcare. 2013; 3:68-74.

Jondhale AS, Goud IS, parveenkumar B. Combining ability and gene action studies in diverse CMS sources in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Genetic Sci. 2014; 3:2183-2187.

Oshundiya F. Olowe V, Sowemimo F, Odedina J. Seed yield and quality sunflower as influenced by staggred sowing and application of organic fertilizers. Helia. 2014;37:237-225.

Qamar R, Sadaqat HA, Bibi A, Tahir MHN. Estimation of combining abilities for early maturating, yield and oil related traits in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Int. J. Sci. Nat. 2015;6:110-114.

Azad K, Shabbir G, Khan MA. Combining ability analysis and gene action studies of different quantitative traits in Sunflower by Line × Tester. Crop Res. 2016;51:1-4.

Khalid MAR, Iqbal MA, Zubair M, Zafar A, Butt A, Abid S. Shahzad Y, Ajmal M, Liaqat AA. Combining ability assessment in sunflower through line × tester analysis for quantitative traits and qualitative parameters. J. Plant Breed. Crop Sci. 2017;10:93-98.

Kulkarni VV, Supriya SM. Heterosis and combining abilitiy studies for yield and yield component traits in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci. 2017;6:3346-3357.

Rameeh V, Andarkhor SA. Line × tester analysis for duration of flowering, yield components and seed yield in (Helianthus annuus L.). Helia. 2017;40: 61-70.