Antimicrobial Activities and GC-MS Analysis of Endophytic Fungi Isolated from Pluchea dioscoridis and Withania somnifera Medicinal Plants

Main Article Content

Ahmed H. M. El-Said
Yassmin M. Shebany
Mohamed A. Hussein
Eman G. EL-Dawy

Abstract

Twenty three genera (46 species and 2 species variety) of endophytic fungi were isolated and identified from the leaves of Pluchea dioscoridis and Withania somnifera on GPY agar medium at 28°C. Alternaria, Aspergillus, Cladosporium and Setosphaeria were the most common genera isolated from P. dioscoridis and W. somnifera. The extracts of isolated endophytic fungi were tested for antimicrobial activities against nine strains of pathogenic bacteria and seven isolates of phytopathogenic fungi by disc diffusion method. Extracts of endophytic fungal showed antibacterial activity by different degrees ranged between highly, moderate, narrow, weak and non-active but, didn’t had effect on tested fungal isolates. Alternaria alternata and Microascus trigonosporus were chosen from the most potent antibacterial fungi to determine the antibacterial ingredients by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis from which seventeen and twenty nine compounds were identified, respectively.

Keywords:
Pluchea dioscoridis, Withania somnifera, endophytic fungi, antibacterial activity, GC-MS analysis.

Article Details

How to Cite
El-Said, A. H. M., Shebany, Y. M., Hussein, M. A., & EL-Dawy, E. G. (2020). Antimicrobial Activities and GC-MS Analysis of Endophytic Fungi Isolated from Pluchea dioscoridis and Withania somnifera Medicinal Plants. Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, 3(1), 1-12. Retrieved from http://journalajbge.com/index.php/AJBGE/article/view/30070
Section
Original Research Article

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